Toothache

  1. Why does toothache occur?

    Toothache can originate from the teeth as well as gums and dentins. Tooth decay, abrasion of the enamel, gum diseases, traumas and extra-oral diseases such as sinusitis can also cause toothache.

  2. What are the symptoms of Toothache?

    It manifests as a throbbing pain and can become severe in certain cases. It can also spread to the head region, the chin and ears. If it is caused by an abscess, swelling may occur. Sensitivity to hot or cold stimulation, or pressure on the teeth and breakage can also be observed. It can also be accompanied by dental or gingival bleeding.

  3. Why does tooth decay occur?

    The most common type of tooth decay and resulting pain is caused by poor or insufficient oral care. It is observed in 97% of the population.

    The tooth enamel wraps the tooth in order to protect it from physical and chemical effects of food. It does not have any nerves therefore does not transmit pain. However although the enamel has a sturdy structure, it can also be affected by physical and chemical factors. Foods with hard shells, acidic beverages, dental bacteria combined with food residues create acid which weakens the enamel. This can trigger tooth decay. The pain occurs when microorganisms that cause decay reach inner layers of the tooth and nerves.

    In superficial decays, the pain occurs especially while eating or drinking whereas in deeper and advanced tooth decays, the pain is much more severe and throbbing.

  4. What needs to be do when toothache occurs?

    When toothache occurs, a dentist should be consulted immediately.

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