Depression

Depressive Disorder

Depressive Disorder is a mental disorder which affects the person as a whole, including his/her physiology, biochemistry, mood, thoughts and behavior. It affects eating and sleeping habits as well as thoughts and emotions about the self, others and the outer world. It induces clinically significant stress. It causes serious loss of function in social and occupational life as well as other important areas.
Although the prevalence of depression doesn’t vary from culture to culture, it is one of the most common psychiatric disorders. Depression is the most often diagnosed disorder with enervating and fatal outcomes (15% of untreated clinical depression results in suicide). According to the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health research, the lifetime prevalence rate for major depression is 5.8% and 3.3% for dysthymia, which is a milder form of major depression. It is also stated that more than 50% of depressed patients have recurrent episodes of depression throughout their lives. 

Symptoms of Depression

Major Depressive Episode is diagnosed if 5 or more of the following symptoms are present for a 2-week period. Depressive mood and loss of interest in previously enjoyed activities must be persistent in symptoms. Depressive mood (feelings of anger, emptiness and hopelessness), loss of interest and pleasure, significant weight loss or gain (5% change in weight in a month), insomnia or excessive sleeping almost each day, psychomotor retardation or agitation, feeling of fatigue, incompetence and guilt, loss of concentration, recurrent thoughts of death; these symptoms constitute serious social dissonance for most of the day. These symptoms are not dependent on drug or substance abuse or any other disease.
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