What is Fibromyalgia?

Also known as muscle rheumatism, fibromyalgia is a chronic disease characterized by widespread muscle pain, fatigue, weakness, headache, sleep disorders resulting in waking up unrefreshed and occasionally difficulty in bowel movements. The most significant symptom is muscle pain. Some patients feel pain in larger areas where others describe specific pain points.

Who suffers from Fibromyalgia?

It can be observed in all ages and genders although more frequently between the ages of 25 and 55. The majority of cases include women between the ages of 25 and 60. Women have a ten times higher chance of suffering from this disease. 

How is Fibromyalgia diagnosed?

There are no specific medical test or methods for fibromyalgia diagnosis. Blood tests and radiological examinations can turn out normal.

Fibromyalgia diagnosis relies on disease history and clinical examination. In order for a patient to be diagnosed with fibromyalgia, symptoms should be persisting for three months and certain points on the body should be sensitive to pain.

American College of Rheumatology's diagnostic criteria for fibromyalgia include widespread persistent pain lasting for at least 3 months in the right and left side of the body, in the lower and upper back, chest, back of the neck, also sensitive spots located in several regions.

How is Fibromyalgia treated?

Fibromyalgia treatment requires a multi-faceted approach. In addition to medication treatment, stress level reduction, regular exercise, massage, physical therapy, sleep regulation therapies are also recommended. Special diets or psychiatric support should also be considered. Treatment is focused on alleviating the pain, reducing pain and minimizing symptoms. 

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