1. What is Osteoarthritis?

    Osteoarthritis is a joint disease characterized by the abrasion of joint surfaces that causes impairment, weakening or loss of the cartilage tissue. It is most commonly observed on the knees, hips, wrists and spine. Arthrosis  is a non-infectious rheumatism of the joints and progresses with pain in one or many joints. 

    With the progression of the disease, the cartilage is completely lost and bony surfaces come into contact which causes pain in the joints.

    The damage is either caused by overuse, straining or aging.

  2. Who suffers from Osteoarthritis?

    It is mainly observed in individuals over middle age, who are working in a field that puts constant pressure on the joints, usually in men younger than 45 and women over 55 years of age. The incidence for people over the age of 75 is 96%, M=W

  3. What are the risk factors for Osteoarthritis?

    Age, gender, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, bone deformities, past joint diseases, joint damage, congenital joint diseases, work that puts extra pressure on the joints for long periods of time are all risk factors for osteoarthritis.

  4. What are the symptoms of Osteoarthritis?

    Symptoms on the involved joints:

    • Pain (Pain alleviates with rest. However when cartilage damage progresses, pain can persist even in resting)
    • mild temperature rise
    • mild redness
    • morning stiffness (it lasts for 30 minutes and eased with exercise)
    • limitation of movement and deformities (When patient moves after an extended period of resting or sitting, limitation of movement can occur. It usually goes away with further movement. However when the damage progresses, limitation of movement can hinder simple daily activities.)
  5. How is Osteoarthritis diagnosed?

    Osteoarthritis is diagnosed with physical examination. Imaging methods are used in order to grade. It has 4 radiographic grades ranging from 1 to 4, 1 being the mildest and 4 the most severe.

  6. How is Osteoarthritis treated?

    As it is not possible to rehabilitate lost cartilage tissue, there currently are no treatments that ensure total recovery. The main goal of osteoarthritis treatment is to eliminate pain, correct limitation of movements, improve capacity to do daily life activities and stop the progression of the disease.

    Osteoarthritis is treated with medication and physical therapy. In rare advanced instances, surgery is required. Weight loss and physical exercise make the two most important components of the treatment. Getting rid of extra weight can sometimes be the most effective solution as the burden on the knees, hips and the back is also reduced. 

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